Occasional anxiety is a part of everyday life. It is natural to feel anxious or stressed when faced with challenging situations, such as a job interview or a tough exam. Anxiety becomes a problem when symptoms interfere with a person’s ability to lead a normal life.
Anxiety disorders are classified as a mental illness and involve more than just temporary worry or fear. While there are several recognised types of anxiety disorders, generally speaking it can be defined as a crippling anxiety that does not go away, often getting worse over time.
What are the main types of anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders can be classified into several more specific types. The most common are briefly described below.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
This chronic disorder is characterised by excessive, long-lasting anxiety and worrying about non specific life events, situations and objects.
While GAD sufferers often feel anxious about family, work, school, health or money, they tend to have trouble both identifying the specific fear and controlling the worries.
Sufferers often anticipate failure and disaster to the point that it interferes with their ability to successfully perform daily activities.
Panic Disorder exists when an individual experiences recurrent, unexpected panic attacks and the accompanying apprehension of future attacks. These attacks mostly occur after frightening experiences or prolonged stress, but may also be spontaneous. Although panic attacks tend to arise abruptly and peak after 10 minutes, they are able to last for hours.
A phobia is defined as an irrational fear and avoidance of an object or situation. Phobias are generally broken down into three main types, Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder and Specific Phobia.
Agoraphobia is characterised by anxiety in situations where the sufferer perceives the environment to be dangerous or unsafe. Although it is possible for agoraphobia to occur in people who do not have panic attacks, it is considered a behavioural response to the anticipation of a panic attack.
Social Anxiety Disorder is defined as an excessive fear of social performance or embarrassment in social situations. This disorder can cause people to avoid human contact and public situations to a point that normal life is rendered impossible.
Specific Phobias are defined by an intense fear for a specific object or situation, such as dogs or visiting a doctor. The anxiety experienced may cause the sufferer to avoid common, everyday situations.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders (OCD)
OCD is characterised by the ongoing unwanted or intrusive thoughts and fears that cause anxiety. Although the person may be able to acknowledge that these thoughts are illogical, they often try to relieve their anxiety by performing certain behaviours or rituals.
These activities often occur to such a degree that a person’s daily life may be negatively affected.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is extreme anxiety that can occur in the aftermath of a traumatic or life-threatening experience. Symptoms include nightmares, flashbacks, hypervigilance and social withdrawal. The persistent mental re-experiencing of the event affects the ability to live a normal life.
Anxiety treatment offered at Riverview Manor
Our programme is psychotherapeutically based and makes use of the best of both traditional and modern approaches. We focus on equipping our clients with the life skills that are vital to a sustained recovery.
The programme includes:
- Individual Therapy
- Group Therapy
- 12-Step Program
- Life Skills
- Hobbies and Crafts
- Medical Lectures
- Lifestyle Management
- Psycho Education such as Cognitive behavioural Therapy
- Spirituality Recreation
- Physical Activities
How to enrol in the programme
If you wish to contact Riverview Manor regarding an inquiry or wish to enrol in our programme you can contact us on 033 710 1911, or you can fill in your details here so that our team can contact you.